April 14, 2020
With its diverse geography and climate, the United States is home to numerous plants and animals not found anywhere else in the world. Scientists have already documented more than 200,000 species, and more are still being discovered. Due to ecological and evolutionary reasons, certain areas are characterized by a greater diversity of flora and fauna than others. Although there are many more, here is a list of our nine favorite plants and animals only found in the U.S.
Plants and Animals Only Found in the US
Below is a list of species found exclusively in the United States, including mammals, birds, reptiles, freshwater fish, amphibians, butterflies, and plants.
- Utah prairie dog: As the smallest species of prairie dog, these mammals are endemic to Utah, as the name suggests.
- Pygmy rabbit: Native to inter-mountain areas of the Western United States, the pygmy rabbit is the world’s smallest rabbit.
- Hawaiian monk seal: The Hawaiian monk seal is an earless seal native to the Hawaiian Islands.
- Red-cockaded woodpecker: Found in the Southeast’s longleaf pine stands, this small black-and-white woodpecker has distinctive white cheeks and a ladder of stripes up its back.
- American alligator: The American alligator inhabits freshwater wetlands like cypress swamps and marshes from Texas to coastal and southeastern North Carolina.
- Yosemite toad: Native to the Sierra Nevada of California, the Yosemite toad can be found in forests and wet meadows at high elevations.
- Mississippi silverside: These freshwater fish can be found in the Mississippi and Gulf basins and many lakes, rivers, and reservoirs throughout the region. Mississippi silversides are known for their translucent green undersides, yellow backs, and silvery bands on each of their sides.
- Sierra Nevada parnassian: Also a native of the Sierra Nevada of California, the Sierra Nevada parnassian is a species of butterfly found in habitats such a stream edges, alpine tundra, and rock slides.
- Flowering dogwood: This beautiful flowering tree has a spreading crown and long-lasting white and pink spring blooms.
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